Aubrey E. Taylor
61st APS President (1988-1989)
Aubrey E. Taylor
Aubrey E. Taylor will become the 61st president of the American Physiological Society on July 1, succeeding Harvey V. Sparks, Jr.
His election to the presidency of the 6,600-member Society climaxes an active 20-year membership for Taylor, who has served on APS editorial boards, committees, and the Council, where he was actively involved in the restructuring of the Society into a sectional-based organization.
Currently he has been taking an active role in promoting strategies to protect the scientists from the resurgent antivivisectionist movement to bar the use of experimental animals and in the revitalization and restructuring of the Society's program activities.
Aubrey Elmo Taylor was born in El Paso and grew up in Bryson, Texas, Ventura and Oxnard, California, and Fort Worth, where he was graduated from Paschal High School, a school popularized by novelist Dan Jenkins. After a hitch in the US Army and brief employment with the meat processor Swift & Company, Taylor enrolled at Texas Christian University where in 1960 he received a baccalaureate degree with a double major of mathematics and psychology.
Taylor enrolled in the graduate program at Arthur C. Gutyon's physiology department at the University of Mississippi Medical School, where in 1966 he earned his PhD. His postdoctoral research was in membrane transport and nonequilibrium thermodynamics at A.K. Solomon's Biophysical Laboratory at Harvard University under the Guidance of Peter Curran, Ernie Wright, and Stanley Schultz.
In 1967 he returned to Mississippi as an associate professor of physiology and was appointed professor of physiology and anesthesiology in 1973. It was here that he started encouraging young clinicians to use his laboratory to train in basic research, a tradition that he has continued.
While at Mississippi Taylor developed an interest in both medical and graduate education and served on the medical school admissions board for 10 years and as director of the physiology department's graduate school program. He also taught undergraduate mathematics at the University's extension center in Jackson. In 1977 Taylor moved to his current position as chair of the physiology department at the University of South Alabama.
Taylor's research spans several areas of cardiopulmonary physiology, beginning with his first concerns with the stability of the cerebral ischemic reflex involving control theory approaches, such as Bodie and Nyquist plots, to his more recent studies conducted on the mechanisms of capillary transport of solutes and water in the microcirculation of lung, gastrointestinal tract, skeletal muscle, and subcutaneous tissue. His studies also have focused on oxygen radical involvement in various forms of lung and brain pathology and how the lung's vascular resistance changes in various forms of pulmonary vascular disease.
Although Taylor's research spans several different physiological areas from intestinal epithelial transport to capillary exchange of solules and solutes, his studies all stem from his earlier work in Guyton's laboratory concerning how the various forces acting across the capillary wall interact in normal capillary function to prevent the formation of edema and how their delicate balance is altered in various diseased states.
Taylor has trained more than 40 PhDs and has had more than 15 postdoctoral students working in his laboratory. He also has trained several clinical research fellows. Taylor is the author of more than 450 publications and has written four books. He currently is the associate editor of the Society's Journal of Applied Physiology.
In recognition of his work as a researcher and educator, Taylor has been awarded many professional honors, the most recent being the Landis Award from the Microcirculatory Society in 1985 and the Wiggers Award from the APS Cardiovascular Section in 1987. The American Lymphology Society has selected Taylor to be its first recipient of the Cecil Drinker Award, and the cardiopulmonary section of the American Hospital Association has selected him for the Dickinson Richards Award. Both awards are to be presented in the fall. He also was recently presented with a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Merit Award for the 21st year of his grant, "Transport Across the Alveolar-Capillary Membrane."
In addition to his work for the Society—which includes four years on the APS Council, the chairman of the Membership Committee, and program representative for the Respiration Section—Taylor also has been active with the American Heart Association and its regional and state affiliates, committees and study sections of the National Institutes of Health, served as president of the Microcirculatory Society, and is a member of both the International and USA lymphology societies, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the academies of science in Alabama, Mississippi, and New York.